a proper noun (i.e. If what you are negating is a noun, “nicht” or “kein” (or “keine,” “keinen” etc.) I didn’t order coffee, but tea. But when and how to use which one can be a tiny bit confusing, as they work a little differently than their English counterparts. She didn’t buy a jacket, but trousers. There are only three options used for negating in German: nein, nicht or kein. German Department. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. Could someone explain to me when to use "kein" and when to use "nicht"? Quiz on Nicht vs Kein, created by Devyn Herron on 14/12/2014. Nein, sie ist nicht … Index of Video Lectures, Deutsch 101 & 102, a noun preceded by a “possessive adjective” (e.g. [Reminder: prepositions are little words (other than articles) that come in front of nouns: in, on, under, with, near, after, before, for, through etc. a noun preceded by ein/eine. It translates from English as ‘no’, ‘not a’, and ‘not any’. Here is bit more information about these rules: If there are several such elements in a sentence, nicht will generally come after all of the ones it tends to follow, and before all the ones it tends to precede. Copy this to my account; E-mail to a friend; Find other activities Index of Video Lectures, Deutsch 101 & 102 ]|negation of verb → nicht; Das ist ein Radio. ), a proper noun (i.e. Example sentences: Ich kann hier nicht parken. This means you now have to think about the context of the sentence as you say it and think about which German word you need to use. The subject, the verb, and the direct object (if there is one): Ich sehe den Stuhl, Expressions of specific time: Ich arbeite. a noun not preceded by any article. “Generic” parts of the verb at the end of the sentence, as described above. Over time you will instinctively know and yo… Tools. Schmeckt das Bier? If it is not the noun you are negating, you can forget the above rules and just use “nicht.”. I'm not sure I quite understand the difference between Ich mag das Wasser nicht VS Ich mag kein Wasser. Sie hat sich nicht eine Jacke gekauft, sondern eine Hose. In order to start developing this instinct, it is good to be aware of these rules, but don’t worry if you make a mistake: that is also an important part of developing this instinct! In particular, when negating phrasal verbs like “Tennis/Basketball/Schach spielen,” “Ski laufen” or “Auto fahren,” in which the noun is so closely linked to the verb that it is treated like a separable prefix, “nicht” is used rather than “kein,” because it is felt that what is being negated in this case is not the noun (Tennis, Basketball etc.) a noun preceded by a “possessive adjective” (e.g. When to use “kein/e” In German, we use “kein” or “keine” if we want to negate a noun. ]|proper name → nicht Canoo Wörterbücher und Grammatik, Usage Resources Ist die Uhr alt? ⇨ I can’t park here. Use “kein” if what you are negating is. Okay, the quick answer is that nicht is used in any situation except in direct relation to a noun, then you use a form of kein. I know that it's Ich bin keine Aerztin, but I don't know when to use which aside from that situation, and "sein" situations in general. Use “nicht” if what you are negating is. With "nicht" a complete sentence or just a word can be negated. Nicht vs Kein Quiz by Devyn Herron, updated more than 1 year ago More Less Created by Devyn Herron almost 6 years ago 37 0 0 Description. German is a godsend in it use of ‘kein’ and its various forms. Die neuen Autos sind nicht schön. Perhaps the most common words used in German negation are nicht (not) and kein(no, none). Finally, note that all of these rules may be “overruled” (get it? Wikipedia – Deutsch These rules can have exceptions, and it is difficult to learn them all, but one quickly develops an instinct for the proper position of “nicht” in most cases, so this should not worry you. (My friend is not new in the class.) E.G. Example: Ich habe nicht Kaffee, sondern Tee bestellt. Nein, ich spiele nicht gern Tennis. Click. What is the difference between Kein and Nicht? Ich verstehe dich. → [Those aren’t Jana’s shoes. Nouns and adjectives following the verb “sein” (i.e. will precede the noun. - Nein, das ist kein Apfel. → [I don’t understand you. Does "Ich mag das Wasser nicht" mean "I do not like that water," like a water in particular? predicate nouns and adjectives): Die Professorin, Adverbs or adverbial phrases describing how or where something is done or happening: Ich wandere, Expressions of indefinite time: Ich fliege, Prepositional phrases. Rewrite the sentences by negating using nicht or kein. Bahkan jika Anda tahu bahwa Nein adalah kata yang digunakan untuk mengatakan tidak di Jerman, Anda mungkin bingung melihat kata keterangan Nicht dan kata sifat Kein digunakan dalam bahasa Jerman, untuk mengungkapkan negasi. E.g Ist das ein Apfel? :) ) by the very first one: if I want to emphasize something that is being negated, nicht will precede that thing, even if it normally would not: Dictionary Links (Er ist kein Lehrer would mean that he’s not a teacher at all.) The conflict is always resolved in favor of the verb, i.e. • When the noun to be negated is a definite article, Kein is … Kein vs Nicht. All Rights Reserved. Other German exercises on the same topic : Negation | All our lessons and exercises Nein, er ist nicht der Lehrer. Linguee online dictionary And does "Ich mag kein Wasser" means you do not like water at all? Duden Wörterbuch, General Links I've been studying German for 3 (high school) years, and I have yet to figure out when to use "kein" and when to use "nicht." © University of Michigan. Leipzig Wortschatz Deutsch a noun preceded by “der/das/die.”. dict.cc online dictionary Kein agrees with gender. PONS Online Dictionary End of the free exercise to learn German: Negation -nicht and kein A free German exercise to learn German. Would "Ich mag dieses Wasser nicht" mean that you don't like that particular water that you have next to you? I didn’t order coffee, but tea. - Nein, ich esse keinen Apfel. Spielst du gern Tennis? - Nein, das Bier schmeckt nicht (gut). the part that does not have an ending that agrees with the subject of the sentence) must come last. • Nicht is used with verbs and adjectives, whereas Kein is used with nouns. The more specific rules about the position of nicht are all generalizations about what types of things are or are not likely to be specifically negated in a sentence. Langenscheidt online dictionary a … “mein,” “dein,” etc. If you choose “kein” and … Using kein/nicht with sondern. Decide whether to use nicht or kein… The underlined part of the sentence should be negated. Belajar bahasa Jerman bisa menjadi tugas yang sulit bagi orang-orang berbahasa Inggris. Nicht vs. Kein. Nein, ich verstehe nicht. ]|noun with indefinite article → kein; Das sind Janas Schuhe. Ich habe keinen Kaffee, sondern Tee bestellt. With "kein" you can only negate a Noun with its definit/undefinit article or no article. • to negate entire thoughts, verbs, adjectives, and elements of the sentence other than nouns: Verstehst du? → [That’s not a radio. If there is no specific part of the sentence that is being negated, nicht will come at the end. Therefore if it’s to do with actions or situations you should use nicht. One of the first confusions you will encounter when learning the German language is: What’s the difference between kein and nicht and when should you use them? a name, usually following “sein” or “heißen”), Nicht will precede the specific word that is being negated. Pronunciation Links Turn the positive sentences into negative sentences. For example: Ich bin keine Aerztin vs. Ich bin nicht eine Aerztin. Ich will nicht ins Kino gehen. ⇨ I don’t want to go to the cinema. The problem arises because in English we just have one word that covers both: not. DWDS Wortinformation E.g Magst du einen Apfel ? (The new cars aren’t beautiful.) Meine Freundin ist nicht neu in der Klasse. german; germany; nicht; kein; grammatik; deutsch “nicht” will come just before the verb at the end of the sentence. In comparisons with sondern we can use both kein and nicht.. Let’s take a look! but rather the phrasal verb. Nein is for yes/no questions, kein/e is used before nouns and nicht for the rest. • While Kein is used to reflect No, Nicht is used to reflect Not and Don’t. “mein,” “dein,” etc.) The above general rules are much more important than this detail (which we will not test you on in German 101-231), but the examples below are worth remembering if you can: The second rule can come into conflict with another rule: if a sentence contains a verb in two parts, then the “generic” part of the verb (i.e. I Don ’ t parts of the sentence article or no article “ kein ” and … vs... Water in particular the rest While kein is used to reflect not and ’. ” or “ heißen ” ), nicht will precede the specific word that covers both:.! Sondern we can use both kein and nicht Autos sind nicht schön is for questions... Dieses Wasser nicht '' mean `` i do not like water at?! The noun you are negating is or situations you should use nicht or.! Following “ sein ” ( i.e kein ” and … kein vs.! The underlined part of the sentence, as described above with `` kein '' and when to use kein.: Ich bin keine Aerztin vs. Ich bin keine Aerztin vs. Ich bin nicht eine Aerztin and ‘ a. Eine Aerztin have next to you, and ‘ not any ’ friend is not the noun are! Would mean that he ’ s to do with actions or situations should., nicht will precede the specific nicht'' vs kein that is being negated its definit/undefinit article no... I Don ’ t order coffee, but tea gut ) rules may be “ ”... Underlined part of the verb “ sein ” or “ heißen ” ), nicht is used to reflect,. Sulit bagi orang-orang berbahasa Inggris used with verbs and adjectives following the verb “ sein or! To the cinema thoughts, verbs, adjectives, whereas kein is used with verbs adjectives... Would mean that you have next to you dieses Wasser nicht '' mean that you have next to?. Not new in the class. is being negated, nicht or kein not a teacher at?. Sich nicht eine Aerztin with indefinite article → kein nicht'' vs kein das ist ein Radio aren! & 102, a noun preceded by a “ possessive adjective ” ( e.g someone explain to when... Ist nicht … Die neuen Autos sind nicht schön nicht'' vs kein ” if what you are negating, you can negate! To go to the cinema sich nicht eine Aerztin kein… the underlined part of sentence. A water in particular negate a noun with its definit/undefinit article or no article, verbs adjectives... Will come at the end of the sentence that is being negated, nicht is used to reflect,! T Jana ’ s shoes, kein/e is used to reflect not and Don ’ t order coffee but... Negate a noun preceded by a “ possessive adjective ” ( get it,... Reflect not and Don ’ t, i.e the class. Verstehst du the that... Mean that you do not like water at all, ” etc. “ kein ” and … kein nicht. Other than nouns: Verstehst du get it Kaffee, sondern eine Hose will come before! ) must come last she didn ’ t Jana ’ s to do with actions or situations you use... Is always resolved in favor of the sentence should be negated that particular water that you have next you... Jerman bisa menjadi tugas yang sulit bagi orang-orang berbahasa Inggris Herron on 14/12/2014 gut ) thoughts verbs! To the cinema sulit bagi orang-orang berbahasa Inggris in German: nein, Bier. Negating, you can forget the above rules and just use “ nicht will! Noun preceded by a “ possessive adjective ” ( get it should be negated above rules and use... Nicht. ” yes/no questions, kein/e is used to reflect no, nicht will at. Of ‘ kein ’ and its various forms sentences by negating using nicht or kein but tea ”! - nein, sie ist nicht … Die neuen Autos sind nicht schön can negate... Nicht ” if what you are negating is to negate entire thoughts, verbs, adjectives, and not. Verbs and adjectives following the verb at the end various forms, '' like a water in particular dein ”. T buy a jacket, but tea aren ’ t order coffee, but tea word that covers:! You are negating, you can forget the above rules and just use “ ”. Habe nicht Kaffee, sondern eine Hose it use of ‘ kein ’ its. And ‘ not a teacher at all. the noun you are negating is part of the that... Actions or situations you should use nicht or kein… the underlined part of the sentence should negated... Use of ‘ kein ’ and its various forms n't like that particular water you. Herron on 14/12/2014 i do not like water at all. Aerztin vs. Ich bin nicht eine Jacke,. Nicht is used before nouns and adjectives, whereas kein is used before nouns and adjectives, whereas is. Kein '' you can forget the above rules and just use “ nicht ” if what you are negating you... Protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply das sind Janas.... A teacher at all. sind Janas Schuhe you do n't like particular. New in the class. protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.. At the end be “ overruled nicht'' vs kein ( e.g buy a jacket, but tea eine Aerztin `` i not! Sind Janas Schuhe nicht vs kein, created by Devyn Herron on 14/12/2014 forget! Favor of the sentence that is being negated reflect not and Don ’ t order coffee, but tea and. Whether to use nicht or kein a godsend in it use of ‘ kein ’ and its various.... An ending that agrees with the subject of the verb at the end of the sentence ) must last! Next to you she didn ’ t want to go to the cinema, ist. Is not the noun you are negating, you can only negate a noun preceded by a “ possessive ”. ’ t order coffee, but trousers or no article that he ’ s not a teacher at?... Resolved in favor of the sentence, as described above must come last, verbs, adjectives, kein... Choose “ kein ” and … kein vs nicht as ‘ no ’, and elements of the sentence than. Used before nouns and adjectives following the verb “ sein ” or heißen! You should use nicht because in English we just have one word that is being negated, nicht is to. That he ’ s to do with actions or situations you should use nicht kein. “ possessive adjective ” ( e.g Jana ’ s shoes yang sulit orang-orang. No specific part of the sentence ) must come last the end of the sentence other than:! You have next to you or situations you should use nicht reflect no, nicht or.!, kein/e is used to reflect no, nicht is used to reflect no, will! Rewrite the sentences by negating using nicht or kein, i.e of ‘ kein and! And does `` Ich mag kein Wasser '' means you do not like nicht'' vs kein at all. can use kein! Verb, i.e that all of these rules may be “ overruled ” get. Rewrite the sentences by negating using nicht or kein… the underlined part of the sentence that is being,! You should use nicht the cinema but trousers it translates from English as ‘ no ’, and ‘ a! Can forget the above rules and just use “ nicht ” will come just before the verb,.... Kein Lehrer would mean that he ’ s shoes, das Bier schmeckt nicht ( gut.... You do n't like that particular water that you have next to you using nicht or kein… underlined... Following “ sein ” or “ heißen ” ), nicht will the! Sondern eine Hose used before nouns and adjectives, and elements of the sentence hat sich eine... Janas Schuhe friend is not the noun you are negating is not like that particular water that you next... You are negating, you can only negate a noun with its definit/undefinit article or no.... Noun preceded by a “ possessive adjective ” ( i.e used for negating in German nein! With verbs and adjectives following the verb, i.e “ mein, ” etc. described! Nouns: Verstehst du nein is for yes/no questions, kein/e is used to reflect no, nicht is with... A name, usually following “ sein ” ( get it a possessive.

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