This is a line of thought, a method of inquiry, developed by the British social anthropologist Mary Douglas, along with numerous collaboraters, and more recently numerous younger adopters who never actually worked with Douglas.Its early presentation was in the influential book Natural Symbols. A HISTORY OF GRID AND GROUP CULTURAL THEORY By Mary Douglas (Hon. For example, Marco Verweij and Steven Ney both collaborated with Douglas and have continued to write on the subject: Messy institutions for wicked problems: How to generate clumsy solutions? A GUIDE TO MARY DOUGLAS'S THREE VERSIONS OF GRID/GROUP THEORY 153 researchers interested in applying grid/group analysis. How Useful can it be in the Modern World? Douglas’ book “Purity and Danger” is considered a key text in social anthropology. In chapter 1 of her famous "Purity and Danger", titled "Ritual Uncleanness", structuralist anthropologist Mary Douglas bases her distinction between the clean and sacred and the unclean and unsacred, while refuting dominant attitudes in 19 th century British anthropology.Douglas argues with the "evolution of culture" paradigm represented by thinkers such as James Frazer and Robertson Smith. Mary Douglas is best known for her interpretation of the book of Leviticus, and for her role in creating the cultural theory of risk. Research Fellow, University College London) Introduction: What is Grid and Group Cultural Theory? Sorting out Douglas's altera-tions of her grid/group scheme will provide analysts with clear directions about which of her theories they are using. Her first field research was carried out in what was then the Belgian Congo and she taught at Oxford and the University of London before moving to the United States in 1977. Mary Douglas's "Purity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo" explores the cultural notion of dirt and its symbolic meanings.She follows Emile Durkheim in defining dirt as that which is out of its place (ketchup in fine in the bottle or on the plate, but not on my shirt). First printed in 1970, Natural Symbols is Douglas' most controversial work. This work focuses on the ways in which cultures select natural symbols from the body and how every natural symbol carries a social meaning. Born in Italy, Mary Douglas was educated at Oxford University and began her career as a civil servant in 1943. It is a pleasure for me to reflect on the history of Grid-Group. So Y asked three interesting questions regarding Grid-Group Cultural Theory. It represents a work of anthropology in its widest sense, exploring themes such as the social meaning of natural symbols and the image of the body in society. 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