Some sanctuaries are breeding and feeding grounds for endangered whales, others contain thriving coral reefs or kelp forests, and many are home to historic shipwrecks and other archaeological treasures. Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument This revolutionary act authorizes the president to protect public lands without having to go through Congress. Species that frequent the monument include whales, dolphins, seabirds and turtles, as well as fish that migrate long distances, such as tuna, billfish, swordfish and sharks. Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument is one of only 50 marine World Heritage sites. The main difference between national marine sanctuaries and marine national monuments is the designation process and the laws under which they are established. Marianas Trench Marine National Monument (NOAA, FWS) Ohio National Monuments . Sanctuaries are designated by NOAA or Congress and are managed by NOAA using the National Marine Sanctuaries Act (NMSA). Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument (NPS) Oregon National Monuments . Marine monuments and national … Have you found the page useful? For example, one wildlife refuge in the monument, Palmyra Atoll National Wildlife Refuge,  supports more kinds of coral and cnidarians (jellyfish, sea anemones and related aquatic animals — 180 to 190 species) than any other atoll or reef island in the central Pacific — twice as many as are found in Hawaii or Florida. While the statue depicts one of the most famous incidents of World War II, the memorial is dedicated to all Marines who have given their … It includes seven far-flung national wildlife refuges. Due to its inaccessibility, the region is virtually unexplored. A marine protected area, or MPA, can be thought of like an underwater national park. Coral reefs found in Papahānaumokuākea are home to over 7,000 marine species, one quarter of which are found only in the Hawaiian Archipelago. It was designed by Horace The national monument offers solitude and opportunities to experience the woods, rivers, trails, and scenic vistas. The monument is renowned for its biodiversity, including deep-sea coral communities and concentrations of marine wildlife. The Mariana Trench is recognized by the international scientific community as the oldest place geologically on the ocean floor. Mariana Trench Marine National Monument The crescent-shaped Mariana Trench is the “Grand Canyon” of the ocean (actually, the Trench is much larger!) Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument is one of only 50 marine World Heritage sites. The Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (roughly / p ɑː p ɑː ˈ h ɑː n aʊ m oʊ k u ˌ ɑː k eɪ. It’s a first, to be sure, borrowing from its land-based cousin, the national monument, which is a protected area much like a national park. The monument, which begins about 150 miles off the New England coastline, is an unusually diverse and productive environment. Cascade–Siskiyou National Monument (BLM) John Day Fossil Beds National Monument (NPS) Newberry Volcanic National Monument (USFS) Oregon Caves National Monument (NPS) Designated as a monument in 2016, it is the first major marine national monument established in the U.S. Atlantic Ocean. Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument  In American Samoa, Rose Atoll is the southernmost point under U.S. jurisdiction. It encompasses 582,578 square miles of the Pacific Ocean (1,508,870 square kilometers) – an area larger than all the country’s national parks combined. The Seamount marine monument, created by President Obama in 2016, sprawls over nearly 5,000 square miles of the Atlantic, about 130 miles off the coast of Cape Cod. The Monument Management Plan (MMP) will integrate individual refuge Comprehensive Conservation Plans (CCPs) and NOAA’s monument management activities and regulations for fishery-related activities. The other wildlife refuge in the national monument is Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge. The monument protects a unique portion of the U.S. Atlantic Ocean that is home to a broad diversity of marine life including fish, sharks, corals, whales, and seabirds. The NMSA requires extensive public process, local community engagement, stakeholder involvement, and citizen participation, both prior to and following designation. A multi-year, multi-agency planning process will develop a Monument Management Plan (MMP) for the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument. Much remains to be learned about its ecological and biological characteristics. Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument is the largest contiguous fully protected conservation area under the U.S. flag, and one of the largest marine conservation areas in the world. 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