Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was elected the first President of the Philippine Republic but this was short-lived. Philippine Literature Part I – The Historical Background of Philippine Literature Chapter 1 Introduction to the Study of Literature Definition of Literature: The word literature is derived from the Latin term litera which means letter. Activism is connected with the history of our Filipino youth. THE SPANISH PERIOD (1565-1898) Historical Background . A Quick Look at the Fascinating History of Philippine Literature. Our flag was hoisted on June 12, 1898 as a symbol of our independence. It is an accepted belief that the Spanish colonization of the Philippines started in 1565 during the time of Miguel Lopez de Legazpi, the first Spanish governor-general in the Philippines. The name has traditionally been applied to those imaginative works of poetry and prose distinguished by the intentions of their authors and the perceived aesthetic excellence of their execution. The Period of Activism Historical Background The Seeds of Activism THE LITERARY REVOLUTION WRITINGS DURING THE PERIOD OF ACTIVISM The Period of the Bloody Placards According to Pociano Pineda, youth activism in 1970 – 1972 was due to domestic and worldwide causes. History of the Filipino People. PHILIPPINE LITERATURE. Manila was established as the capital of what was then known was the Spanish East Indies in 1571. No one dares to speak against the government for fear of execution – in some cases, bodies are not even retrieved. Historical background. The conquistador, especially its ecclesiastical arm, destroyed whatever written literature he could find, and hence rendered the system of writing (e.g., the Tagalog syllabary) inoperable. Through the researches and writings about Philippine history, much can be reliably inferred about precolonial Philippine literature from an analysis of collected oral lore of Filipinos whose ancestors were able to preserve their indigenous culture by living beyond the reach of Spanish colonial administrators. Captain Juan de Salcedo with a band of one hundred Spanish-Mexican soldiers and many Bisayan allies conquered the province and its … These man's feelings, aspirations, customs and traditions that are written is literature . THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF PHILIPPINE LITERATURE DURING THE SPANISH PERIOND. The period of the New Society started on September 21, 1972. Historical Background After 300 years of passivity under Spanish rule, the Filipino spirit reawakened when the 3 priests Gomez, Burgos and Zamora were guillotined without sufficient evidence of guilt. 7/28/2015 3 Comments The largest names in 20th century Philippine literature wrote in English, namely, Nick Joaquin, F. Sionil Jose, Jose Garcia Villa, and others. The most significant achievement of Aguinaldo's Dictatorial Government was the proclamation of Philippine Independence in Kawit, Cavite, on June 12, 1898. Philippine Studies 29 (1981): 26-44 Philippine Popular Culture: Dimensions and Directions The State of Research in Philippine Popular Culture DOREEN G. FERNANDEZ Popular culture in the Philippines is a concern of recent awareness, recent exploration, and even more recent definition. In 1935 the Philippines became a self-governing commonwealth. The different literary periods in Philippine literature include the pre-colonial period, the Spanish colonial era, the American colonial era and the contemporary period. The Fil.-American was resulted in the defeat of Gen. Miguel Malvar in 1903. It covers Philippine literature from the pre-Hispanic to the what it refers to as "Literature after EDSA (1986-1995)." Philippine Literature is a diverse and rich group of works that has evolved side-by-side with the country’s history. historical aspects of the Philippine educational system. In 1521, the explorer Magellan claimed the islands for Spain and colonization began in 1565. Historical background of the American period. The day was declared a national holiday. Japan attacked the Philippines on December 8, 1941, and occupied Manila on January 2, 1942. Engendered by the ilustrados, nationalism culminated in a revolt of J the masses. It can be said that Philippine literature in English has achieved a stature that is, in a way, phenomenal since the inception of English in our culture. As the Philippines underwent a lot of history, as well as changes, literature also evolved. Because of the… Short Historical Background. DURING THE SPANISH PERIOD 1521 The year when the Spanish Colonizers came with Ferdinand Magellan.. Miguel Lopez de Legazpi He is the first Spanish governor general.. Notes on Spanish Colonization The Conquistadors rendered all system writings inoperable. The Marcos era in the ’70s is a dark chapter in Philippine history. Literature had started with fables and legends made by the ancient Filipinos long before the arrival of Spanish influence. "Literature and history are closely related. People have lived in the Philippines since the dawn of human history. Some loosely interpret literature as any printed matter written within a book, a magazine or a pamphlet. The Filipino revolutionaries won against the Spaniards and the Philippine Independence was proclaimed on June 12, 1898. The existing literature of the Philippine ethnic groups at the time of conquest and conversion into Christianity was mainly oral, consisting of epics, legends, songs, riddles, and proverbs.

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