Of course, spruces are also one of the tree species used by Canadian families to adorn their homes at Christmas. Most are large trees, like firs, spruce and larches, but some species are shrubs. Fast growing, it is almost all sap wood. Spruces have an enormous value for wildlife. Compendium Index From BC Tree Atlas The Distribution and Synopsis of Ecological and Silvical Characteristics of Tree Species of British Columbia (2000) which was used as the basis for the tree species compendia. Scotch Pine; When someone mentions a Christmas tree, you probably picture a Scotch pine (also known as a Scots pine). (One in Oregon is estimated to be more than 2,000 years old.) The most popular types of Christmas trees in Canada fall into the pine, fir, or spruce families. We’ll explore what each type has to offer so you can choose the best real Christmas tree for your home! Most trees native to the Canadian boreal are conifers, with needle leaves and cones.These include: black spruce, white spruce, balsam fir, larch (tamarack), lodgepole pine, and jack pine.A few are broad-leaved species: trembling and large-toothed aspen, cottonwood and white birch, and balsam poplar. The Spruce-Pine-Fir (S-P-F) species group grows abundantly throughout Canada and makes up by far the largest proportion of dimension lumber production. It is common near the ocean shore and in dry montane forests to the subalpine, but is rare in lowland rain forests. You may notice that this type of bark remains thin and has a flaking nature as it grows. Pinaceae. Pine Tree Identification Chart (With Pictures) The bark growing on most pine trees is smooth and immature and gradually becomes orangey-red. Scotch pine is the most widely distributed pine species in the world, growing from northern Scotland to the Russian Pacific shore. The other major commercial species groups for Canadian dimension lumber are Douglas Fir-Larch, Hem-Fir and Northern Species. Limber pine (Pinus flexilis) and whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) Found in Alberta and British Columbia and extending as far south as Mexico, the limber pine is a slow-growing, long-lived tree species, with the oldest tree recorded in Alberta being approximately 642 years old. Like all pines (member species of the genus Pinus), it is an evergreen conifer Birds such as white-winged crossbills, pine siskins, red-breasted nuthatches, black-capped chickadees and pine grosbeaks eat spruce seeds. It's also amenable for growing in tree plantations. The pine family is the largest, most familiar and widely-distributed family containing 10 genera and about 220 species. Pinus, the pines, is a genus of approximately 111 extant tree and shrub species. Loblolly Pine is now the industry favourite. Pinus contorta, with the common names lodgepole pine and shore pine, and also known as twisted pine, and contorta pine, is a common tree in western North America. Loblolly Pine is the second most common tree species in the United States after the Red Maple and it is the preferred species for pressure treated lumber. The genus is currently split into two subgenera: subgenus Pinus (hard pines), and subgenus Strobus (soft pines).Each of the subgenera have been further divided into sections based on chloroplast DNA sequencing and whole plastid genomic analysis. Trees. Three families have species native to Canada, the Pinaceae, Cupressaceae and Taxaceae. This compendium is provided for reference and is not the only source of relevant information that may be considered when making decisions about tree species feasibility and suitability. Depending on the species of pine, the bark can stay relatively smooth on mature trees. 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